The hormones that are responsible for the normal functioning of the ovary are GnRH (human chronic namedropping), FSH (folio-stimulating hormone), LH (routinizing hormone), progesterone and radiologist.
Any alteration in any of these hormones that control the ovarian cycle of the woman can lead to a failure in the maturation of the ovules or problems of ovulation. In case the hormonal problem persists in time, that is, it is not a specific alteration; it can lead to female sterility.
When the menstrual cycle is altered, ovulation problems are usually associated with alterations in menstruation or gonorrhea (absence of menstruation). This causes the woman to suspect that there is a problem with her rule and come to consultation. However, some pathology, such as hidden ovarian failure, appears without associated menstrual issues.
Among the factors that can cause alterations in ovulation are:
- Problems with the thyroid gland
- Treatments for cancer (radiotherapy or chemotherapy)
- Some types of medication
- Environmental factors
Modifications In The Weight Of Women, Whether Obesity Or Anorexia.
The cervix is the anatomical structure that connects the vagina to the uterus, so the sperm must be able to cross it on its way to the ovule. If there is any abnormal formation, such as polyps or myomas, the duct may be blocked, and they may have difficulty passing through it.
It is also essential that the cervical mucus has the proper structure and consistency, as it serves as a selection barrier that only allows the passage of the best sperm. It should be elastic and slippery, similar to egg white.
On the other hand, bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms can cause infections, pH changes and inflammation, which can prevent the rise of sperm.
Alterations In The Fallopian Tubes
In the Fallopian tubes is where fertilization occurs, so it is essential that they have an adequate structure and that they are permeable, that is, they allow fluid to pass through, so that the sperm can reach the egg and, a Once fertilized, the embryo can travel to the uterus.
For a natural pregnancy to occur, it is imperative that at least one of the two tubes be permeable. If both machines are obstructed, the woman will be sterile.
The problems in the tubes can be due to infections, endometriosis, malformations, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), salinity or hydroponically, among others.